Figure 1. Hock scoring system (Adapted from Hock Assessment Chart for Cattle, Cornell Cooperative Extension).

Preventing hock injuries (Vol 13-3)

Housing systems that cause disease or injuries to animals are clearly undesirable. Injury and disease compromise dairy cow welfare and can reduce longevity and production. Lameness, mastitis and transition cow diseases are now widely recognized as serious animal welfare and production issues in the dairy industry. Skin injuries on dairy cows should raise similar concerns […]